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The clean development mechanism: the balance between economic growth and environmental protection

Do you feel that summer came early, and feel the intolerable heat over these two days? In fact, not only is China, the world is warming.
Since its industrial production, due to the excessive use of fossil fuels, emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, are the global average temperature rises.
Environmental protection and the economic
As the environmental voice in the air, in order to effectively control the pace of global warming, in December 1997, Japan Kyoto, with the participation of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change agreed at the third session of the Kyoto Protocol. Under the "Protocol" stipulates that developed countries are to achieve by 2012 below 1990 levels in greenhouse gas emissions 5.2%.
4 years after the Bonn Conference formed an important access to quotas of "flexible mechanisms"-the clean development mechanism (CDM), and encourages developed countries and among developing countries without emission reduction obligations to develop carbon trading. By developed countries to provide funds and technologies, helping developing countries to cut emissions of greenhouse gases, amount can be deducted from the developed countries to cut emissions of greenhouse gas emissions, as part of its domestic emission reduction targets.
Due to the lower the marginal costs of emission reductions in developing countries, the developed countries can achieve the emission reduction targets at a lower cost, you can get funds and advanced technology from developed countries in developing countries, to achieve "win-win". This mechanism effectively combining environmental and economic.
Wang Huijiong, Deputy Director of the development research center of the State Council academic Committee believes that carbon trading mechanism reflects the rise of market mechanisms in developed countries, full responsibility for environmental protection afforded to the market by controlling emissions, to achieve environmental protection objectives. And for business, developed countries industrial production because the payments (buying index) increased production costs, thereby forcing them to focus on improving technology and reducing emissions.
Carbon trading in full swing
China life on display in this emerging market.
In February this year, total investment of us $ 1.7 million "Carbon Fund for the achievement of the Millennium development goals in China project" decision in 12 provinces such as Xinjiang, Qinghai and Inner Mongolia piloting. It is also the United Nations Development Programme and the Chinese Government jointly set up a 3-year demonstration projects through carbon finance will help poverty alleviation in West China and the development of renewable energy.
National development and Reform Commission, the national climate change response coordinating group, said Gao Guangsheng, Director of the Office, this Government-led carbon trading in China, will become the complete "Eleven-Five" one guarantee of energy saving and emission reduction tasks.
At present, emissions trading in the international market is developing rapidly. Statistical data issued by the World Bank show that the first 9 months of 2006, EU volume was 764 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent, for 2005 as a whole volume of only 324 million tons. Calculated according to the weighted average price of $ 24, the EU quota market value reached $ 18.9 billion, more than doubled from a year earlier. The other hand, the 2008-2012, the global annual demand will reach 700 million to 1.3 billion tons of carbon emissions quotas.
Overall control mechanism of
In fact, some environmentalists have been on "pollution permits" opposition. In their eyes, this is actually letting polluters and allow them to think reasonable pay for sewage.
More to join the participation of members of the Commission pointed out that, although emissions trading system has also has many disadvantages, for example, can't motivate new technology research and development and application of environmental protection cannot be fair and in emissions from country to country (part of the index was bought by developed countries), but it also is to address emissions play a guiding role--controlling total emissions.
Wang Huijiong believes that carbon trading mechanism and its essence is a control mechanism for global environmental protection role is obvious. Although it is impossible to solve the underlying problem, but it is a good place to start. In China's case, could not halt the pace of economic development, should not overlook the environmental protection to resolve their relationship, only developing exploration.
To find a reasonable balance
Wang Huijiong said that economic development requires the consumption of resources, emissions of "three wastes", will inevitably cause damage to the environment, and the deterioration of the environment will impede the process of economic development. That are looking for a combination of balance, with a minimum of environmental damage at the expense of maximum economic growth, then conditionally on pollution treatment.
Economic development and pollution, two cycles old mutual promotion was also developed. The cost is much higher than the gains made in environmental governance, environmental destruction, could not be restored. Benefits to the environment are often occupied by businesses, and environmental hazard consequences for everyone to share. Therefore, the key is how to find a reasonable balance between economic development and environmental protection.
Wang Huijiong, told the Financial Times reporter, its efforts to protect the environment also takes into account the Government's financial input and attention, no hard targets in the Government work report is also part of that consideration. Although last year's energy-saving targets failed to achieve, but from the Government's actions, commitment to pollution control and environmental protection has not wavered. BACK